Book , Finished Texts – First 5

Amur Leopard

Panthera pardus orientalis

Length – The length of the male Amur leopard from head to base of the tail could range from 1.50 meters to 2.03 metres whereas female the smaller female’s length ranged from 1.22 meters to 1.50 metres with a tail length at approximately 60 centimetres to 90 centimetres.

Height  – Both sexes of the Amur leopard were of similar height at approximately 1.2 meters at the shoulder.

Weight – The male could weigh from 32 kilograms to 48 kilograms with the females weighing between 25 kilograms and 43 Kilograms, on rare occasions an exceptionally large male could weigh up to 75 kilograms.

Diet – A Carnivorous species, the main staple of the Amur leopards diet consisted of large mammals such as Roe deer, Sika deer and Wild boar but also included small mammals such as Badgers and Hares.

Lifespan – The life span for the Amur leopard was approximately 10 years to 15 years.

Distribution – In the 19th century the Amur leopard could be found in south eastern Russia, through Northeast China, and into the Korean but as the population dwindled in the late 20th  and early 21st  century and the distribution of the species became limited to Far East Russia.

Habitat – The Amur leopard were found in forest areas.

Cause of Extinction – The Amur leopards were threatened by poaching, encroaching human civilization, their habitats being destroyed for the completion of roads, the exploitation of forests for timber and climate change.

Links where I found this information (not to be included in the book)

http://www.twycrosszoo.org/amur-leopard.aspx

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amur_leopard

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/amur_leopard2/

http://animals.about.com/od/carnivores/p/amurleopard.htm

http://animals.about.com/od/carnivores/p/amurleopard.htm

http://www.lairweb.org.nz/tiger/leopard7.html

 

Amur Tiger

Panthera Tigris Altaica

Length: From nose to the tip of the tail the male Amur tiger could be up to 3.5 meters in length and females could be 2.8 metres in length.

Height: At the shoulder both the male and female Amur tigers were approximately 1.06 meters in height.

Weight: The average weight of an Amur tiger average was 215 kilograms in the males, with some being recorded as being up to 300 kilograms, and 137 kilograms in female Amur tiger.

Diet: The Amur tiger had a carnivorous diet consisting of Deer, Boar, Elk, Lynx, and Bear. They also ate smaller prey such as Fish, Rabbits, and Hares.

Lifespan: The Amur tiger life span was approximately between 12 years and 17 years.

Distribution: The Amur tiger primarily lived in eastern Russia but small populations could be found in China and North Korea.

Habitat: Amur tigers were found in Boreal forests.

Cause of Extinction: The Amur tiger was hunted for its fur, this teamed with inadequate law enforcement around the fur trade led to a large drop in the Amur Tiger’s population. Its natural environment was also used for logging, conversion to agriculture, urban expansion, road construction, and mining. It was also destroyed by fires.

Links where I found this information (not to be included in the book)

http://www.dudleyzoo.org.uk/our-animals/tiger

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siberian_tiger

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/siberian-tiger/

http://www.angelfire.com/oh2/siberian/info.html

http://www.tenan.vuurwerk.nl/reports/redland/siberiantigers.html

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/tigers/about_tigers/amur_tiger/

 

Asian Elephant

Elephas Maximus

Length: Their length was approximately between 5.50 meters to 7.00 meters with the female of the species being the smaller gender. The length of the trunk varied between 1.5 meters to 2 meters.

Height: At the shoulder male Asian elephants could measure up to 3.2 meters in height and the smaller female up to 2.6 meters.

 Weight: A male Asian elephant could weigh up to 5,400 kilograms and the female 4,160 kilograms. The largest recorded Asian elephant was a male weighing 6,590 kilograms.

Diet: The Asian elephant was an Herbivore their diet consisted mainly of grasses, leaves, trees and shrubs. Also large amounts of tree bark, roots, leaves and small stems were also eaten.

Lifespan: The Asian elephant could live up to 70 years of age.

Distribution – The Asian elephant could be found in small areas of India, Indo-China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia and Southern China.

Habitat: The Asian Elephant lived in various habits consisting of tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests and mountains

Cause of Extinction: Asian elephants were hunted for their small tusks which caused a sizable reduction in there population, this in turn caused a large problem with inbreeding. This problem was added to by the capture of wild Asian elephants for domestic use.  Their habitat was also used for logging.

Links where I found this information (not to be included in the book)

http://www.twycrosszoo.org/asian-elephant.aspx

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/elephants/asian_elephants/

http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-bytes/animalia/eumetazoa/coelomates/deuterostomes/chordata/craniata/mammalia/proboscidea/asian-elephant.htm

http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/finder/asianelephants/threats.html

http://www.asianelephant.net/wildlife.htm

 

Asian snow leopard

Panthera Uncial

 

Length: The Length of the adult snow leopard from head to the base of the tail was approximately 100 centimetres  to 130 centimetres, with a tail length of approximately 80 centimetres to 100 centimetres.

Height: At the shoulder the average Asian snow leopard measured at approximately 60 centimetres.

Weight: The male weighed from 45 kilograms up to 55 kilograms with the female weighing less at 35 kilograms up to 40 kilograms.

Diet: The Asian snow leopard was a carnivorous species preying upon other mammals such as the Blue sheep, Argali wild sheep, Siberian ibex, Asiatic ibex, Marmots, Pika, Hare, Tibetan Snowcock and the Chukor.

Lifespan: The Asian snow leopard was known to live up to 21 years of age.

Distribution: Asian Snow leopards were found throughout the Himalayan region of central Asia , from as far west as Afghanistan, as far south as India, China to the east and as far north as Russia.

Habitat: Mountain ranges.

Cause of Extinction: Humans were a key factor in the Asian leopard’s extinction. The Asian leopards were hunted for their fur and for their bones which were then used in tradition Chinese medicine. They also faced being killed by local farmers as the Asian leopard preyed on livestock due to the decline in their natural prey and habitat because of Human settlements.

Links where I found this information (not to be included in the book)

http://www.twycrosszoo.org/snow-leopard.aspx

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/snow-leopard/

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/snow_leopard/

http://www.snowleopard.org/catfactsclassroom/catfacts/habitatandrange

http://www.survivalworld.com/animals-by-region/snow-leopard.html

 

Barn Owl

Tyto Alba

Length: The Barn owl’s length could range from 25 centimetres to 50 centimetres depending on subspecies and distribution.

Wingspan: The full wing span of the Barn owl was approximately 75 centimetres to 110 centimetres.

Weight: Depending on subspecies and distribution the Barn owl’s weight could range from 187 grams to 800 grams.

Diet: The Barn Owl fed primarily on small vertebrates, particularly rodents but was also known to feed upon baby Rabbits, Insects, Toads and small Birds.

Lifespan: The Barn owl could live to 20 years of age but on average the Barn owl fell victim to predators or befell an accident before being 2 years of age.

Distribution: At its peak the Barn owl’s distribution was world wild but the population began to dwindle in the early 21st century.

Habitat:The Barn owl’s varied habitat consisted of large tree cavities, large rock cavities and the inside of man made buildings in urban areas.

Cause of Extinction: The extinction of the Barn owl was a secondary effect of the use of rodenticide on rats and mice by Human beings. This caused a decline in the Barn owl’s food source and also tainted what remained with poison.

Links where I found this information (not to be included in the book)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barn_Owl

http://www.owlpages.com/owls.php?genus=Tyto&species=alba

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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