Book, Finished Texts, 6-10

Black and White Ruffed Lemur

Varecia Variegata

Length: The length from nose to tip of the tail of the Black and white ruffed lemur ranged from 1 meter to 1.2 meters. Its tail averaged at 60cm in length.

Height: The average height of the Black and white ruffed lemur was 50 centimetres with very little difference between the male and the female of the species.

Weight: The Black and white ruffed lemur weighed between 3.1 kilograms and 4.1 kilograms.

Diet: The Black and white ruffed lemurs were herbivores living on a diet of leaves and berries.

Lifespan: The Black and white ruffed lemurs were known to live up to 19 years.

Distribution: The population of Black and white ruffed lemurs were only found on the east coast of the island of Madagascar.

Habitat: The Black and white ruffed lemurs were found in Tropical forests.

Cause of Extinction: Deforestation of their habitat, this both removed their homes and their food source. Humans were also known to hunt the Black and white ruffed lemur for food, these reasons and the low survival rate of young lemurs due to falling accidents caused the decline in their population.

Links to where I found this information ( not to be included in the book )

http://www.twycrosszoo.org/black-and-white-ruffed-lemur.aspx

http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/ruffed_lemur

http://www.theanimalfiles.com/mammals/primates/lemur_black_&_white_ruffed.html

http://kids.mongabay.com/animal-profiles/black-and-white_ruffed_lemur.html

 

Black Tailed Prairie Dog

Cynomys ludovicianus

Length : The Black tailed prairie dog’s body length measured at 36 centimetres to 43 centimetres, with a tail length of 7.6 centimetres to 10 centimetres. Both male and females were of similar length.

Height: At its shoulder the Black tailed prairie dog was 8 centimetres tall.

Weight: The Black tailed prairie dog weighed between 68 grams and 1.4 kilograms. Males were on average heavier than females.

Diet: The Black tailed prairie dog was an herbivore and its diet consisted of grass, thistles, rabbit brush, cacti and underground roots and bulbs.

Lifespan: The Black tailed prairie dog could live between 3 years to 5 years of age.

Distribution: The species could be found in North America, South West Canada and North Mexico.

Habitat: Short grass prairie, mixed-grass prairie, sagebrush steppe, and desert grassland.

Cause of Extinction: The Black tailed prairie dog was a target of extermination campaigns by local governments due to the Black tailed prairie dogs burrowing habits and diet which caused the destruction of crops.

Links to where I found this information ( not to be included in the book )

http://www.twycrosszoo.org/black-tailed-prairie-marmot.aspx

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black-tailed_prairie_dog

http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-prairie_dog.html

 

Blue and Yellow Macaw

Ara Ararauna

Height: From the head to the tip of the tail the Blue and yellow macaw measured 76 centimetres to 86 centimetres with no difference between males and females.

Wingspan: The wingspan of the Blue and yellow macaw could range for 91 centimetres and 1.2meters.

Weight: The Blue and yellow macaw could weigh between 995 grams to 1.4 kilograms with no disincentive difference between males and females.

Diet: The Blue and yellow macaw was an herbivore, its diet consisted of seeds, fruits and flowers.

Lifespan: The average lifespan of the Blue and yellow macaw was 33 years of age.

Distribution: The Blue and yellow macaw could be found across South America ranging from Panama through Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru.

Habitat: The Blue and yellow macaw lived in forests along or close to water courses.

Cause of Extinction: The habitats of the Black and yellow macaw were lost due to the increased demand for land to use for agriculture by the Human population. The macaw was also a very popular pet, the capture of Blue and yellow macaw from the wild to be sold as domestic pets caused a dramatic decline in the population.

 

Links to where I found this information ( not to be included in the book )

http://www.twycrosszoo.org/blue-and-yellow-macaw.aspx

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue-and-yellow_Macaw

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue-and-yellow_Macaw

http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/3085.shtml

 

Derbyan Parakeet

Psittacula Derbiana

Length: The average length of the Derbyan parakeet was 33 centimetres, with little difference between males and females.

Wingspan: The wingspan of the Derbyan parakeet could be measured at 41 centimetres to 50 centimetres in length.

Weight: The Derbyan parakeet was on average 228 grams in weight , with little difference between males and females.

Diet: The Derbyan parakeet was an herbivore with a diet that consisted of wild figs, wild orchard fruit, flowers, nectar, berries and leaves.

Lifespan: The Derbyan parakeet was known to live 15 years to 20 years.

Distribution: The Derbyan Parakeet lived across south eastern Tibet, western Szechwan and north western Yunnan, China.

Habitat: The natural Habitat of the Derbyan parakeet was forests but they could also be found in orchards and cultivated crop areas.

Cause of Extinction: As a popular domestic pet, the Derbyan Parakeet was hunted in the wild to be sold on the exotic pet black market , this caused a large decline in the wild population.

 

Links to where I found this information ( not to be included in the book )

http://www.centralpark.com/guide/central-park-zoo/birds/parrots.html

http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-bytes/animalia/eumetazoa/coelomates/deuterostomes/chordata/craniata/aves/psittaciformes/derbyan-parakeet.htm

 

American Flamingo

Phoenicopterus Ruber

 

Wingspan: The average wing span of the American Flamingo was measured at 1.5 meters.

Height: The American flamingo could be between 1.2 meter and 1.5 meters tall, with no distinctive difference between males and females.

Weight:  The male American flamingo could weigh on average 2.8 kilograms with the lighter female having an average weight of 2.2 kilograms.

Diet: The American flamingo ate minute animals and vegetable matter, such as algae and diatoms, molluscs and crustaceans.

Lifespan: American flamingos could live between 30 years and 40 years of age.

Distribution: The American flamingo had a varied distribution ranging from the Galápagos, Coastal Colombia, Venezuela and nearby islands. It was also know to live in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, and in the Northern Caribbean in the Bahamas, Hispaniola and Cuba.

Habitat: The American flamingo’s habitat consisted of shallow, salty lagoons and lakes.

Cause of Extinction: Human development in the American flamingo’s natural habitat caused a large decline in the American flamingo’s population to the point where breeding became difficult and increasing the population became impossible.

 

Links to where I found this information ( not to be included in the book )

http://www.dudleyzoo.org.uk/our-animals/flamingo

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Flamingo

http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/flamingo/diet.htm

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